As Ghana battles with waste management challenges particularly in Accra, an African country has unveiled a waste-to-energy initiative.
According to Face2face Africa, Ethiopia largest rubbish dump known as Koshe was for almost 50 years, home to hundreds of people
The dumping site, Koshe was in the news in 2019 when it killed about 114 people, compelling the government to rethink an alternative use for the site which is comparable to the size of 36 football pitches.
Ethiopia has since turned the site into a new waste-to-energy plant via the Reppie Waste-to-Energy Project which is the first of its kind in Africa. This forms part of efforts to revolutionise waste management practices in the country.
The dumping site will now help address the hazards caused by the heaps of waste as well as provide another sustainable means of generating electricity.
The plant, which was expected to begin operation in January, will incinerate 1,400 tons of waste every day. This represents about 80 percent of the city’s waste generation. The plant will also supply the people with 30 percent of their household electricity needs.
It is also built to provide Ethiopians with 30% of their household electricity needs. The project was made possible by the Ethiopian government in partnership with a consortium of international companies.
The waste-to-energy incineration plant will burn the rubbish in a combustion chamber. The heat produced will be used to boil water until it turns to steam, which drives a turbine generator that produces electricity.
The Reppie plant operates within the emissions standards of the European Union, as it contributes towards alleviating air pollution.
Waste-to-energy plants are already popular in Europe, as nearly 25 percent of municipal waste is incinerated.
In France alone, there are about 126 waste-to-energy plants, with Germany having 121 and Italy having 40.